*I will never use your email for spam or nefarious plots. Themes throughout the decoration include words from the liturgy. The tunnel's construction, which began on 26 March 2010, was controversial. The Nativity Façade is dedicated to his birth; it also has a cypress tree which symbolizes the tree of life. The ultimate aim of all creative activity is building. Besides branching to support their load, their ever-changing surfaces are the result of the intersection of various geometric forms. Model showing the entrance as wished by Gaudí. There is a hyperboloid adding structural stability to the cypress tree (by connecting it to the bridge). Because of my love for it, I’m going to start a series on Wandering Feathers about how we can experience culture through architecture. The main nave was covered and an organ installed in mid-2010, allowing the still-unfinished building to be used for religious services. A series I started because of my love for architecture, my anthropology background, and how much we can learn about a country’s culture from it’s buildings, gardens, bridges and such. I have been in tons of churches and I have never seen anything like this amazing piece of Barcelona history. Four steeples complete the façade and are each dedicated to a Saint (Matthias, Barnabas, Jude the Apostle, and Simon the Zealot).  It is anticipated that the building can be completed by 2026, the centenary of Gaudí's death.. The origins of the what would become Barcelona's most famous site dates back to the late 1800s when a campaign began to erect a church in honor of The Holy Family. The inscription only includes the Crypt and the Nativity Façade. Essentially none of the interior surfaces are flat; the ornamentation is comprehensive and rich, consisting in large part of abstract shapes which combine smooth curves and jagged points.  Visitor entrance fees of €15 to €20 finance the annual construction budget of €25 million. Gaudí intended that a visitor standing at the main entrance be able to see the vaults of the nave, crossing, and apse; thus the graduated increase in vault loft. His masterpiece, the Sagrada Família, is the most-visited monument in Spain. The simplest example is that of a square base evolving into an octagon as the column rises, then a sixteen-sided form, and eventually to a circle. The steeples on the Nativity façade are crowned with geometrically shaped tops that are reminiscent of Cubism (they were finished around 1930), and the intricate decoration is contemporary to the style of Art Nouveau, but Gaudí's unique style drew primarily from nature, not other artists or architects, and resists categorization. You can easily recognize his work when you see it. He was part of the Modernisme movement in Spain. I really could have spent hours in this church just appreciating the awesomeness that it is. Gaudi was a native of Catalonia (the region of Spain Barcelona is located in) and was growing in recognition when project was offered to him.  The apse crypt of the church, funded by donations, was begun 19 March 1882, on the festival of St. Joseph, to the design of the architect Francisco de Paula del Villar, whose plan was for a Gothic revival church of a standard form.  In his later designs, ruled surfaces are prominent in the nave's vaults and windows and the surfaces of the Passion façade. On other projects Carrer de Mallorca will have to go underground. There’s a reason this stunning piece of architecture is one of the most visited sites in Barcelona, it’s because it gives you a little peak inside the amazing culture that is Barcelona and Catalonia. In common with Catalan and many other European Gothic cathedrals, the Sagrada Família is short in comparison to its width, and has a great complexity of parts, which include double aisles, an ambulatory with a chevet of seven apsidal chapels, a multitude of steeples and three portals, each widely different in structure as well as ornament. Required fields are marked *. Gaudi is known for his distinctive and inventive design.  The present design is based on reconstructed versions of the plans that were burned in a fire as well as on modern adaptations. Parts of the unfinished basilica and Gaudí's models and workshop were destroyed during the war by Catalan anarchists. . Current technology allows stone to be shaped off-site by a CNC milling machine, whereas in the 20th century the stone was carved by hand. It has such a special connection to its architect and city that I fell in love with it immediately. " The building's distinctive silhouette has nevertheless become symbolic of Barcelona itself, drawing an estimated 3 million visitors annually. , The style of la Sagrada Família is variously likened to Spanish Late Gothic, Catalan Modernism or Art Nouveau.  However, only one bell is currently in place. Glory Façade under construction (in 2016). It is divided into three porticos, each of which represents a theological virtue (Hope, Faith and Charity). Construction began in 1954, following the drawings and instructions left by Gaudí for future architects and sculptors.