The so-called Chronography of 354 (more precisely, the Liberian Catalogue) reports that on August 13, probably in 236, the two bodies were interred in Rome, that of Hippolytus in a cemetery on the Via Tiburtina, his funeral being conducted by Justin the Confessor. Earlier editions of the Roman Martyrology also mentioned on 30 January a Hippolytus venerated at Antioch, but the details it gave were borrowed from the story of Hippolytus of Rome. On Christ and the Antichrist is one of the earliest works. Martyr of Rome, with Concordia and other companions, he is a controversial figure who censured Pope St. Callistus I. Hippolytus was slain in Sardinia where he had been exiled for being elected as an antipope, the first in the history of the Church. Copyright 2020 Catholic Online. The commentary on the Song of Songs survives in two Georgian manuscripts, a Greek epitome, a Paleo-Slavonic florilegium, and fragments in Armenian and Syriac as well as in many patristic quotations, especially in Ambrose of Milan's Exposition on Psalm 118 (119). This document indicates that, by about 255, Hippolytus was considered a martyr and gives him the rank of a priest, not of a bishop, an indication that before his death the schismatic was received again into the Church. His most important work is considered to be Philosophumena (one part of a larger work called Refutation of All Heresies), which seeks to show that the various Christian heresies are traceable to false pagan philosophies. The two are included in an appendix to the works of Hippolytus in the voluminous collection of Early Church Fathers. ", Josephus's Discourse to the Greeks concerning Hades, "Saint Hippolytus of Rome."  His chronicle of the world, a compilation embracing the whole period from the creation of the world up to the year 234, formed a basis for many chronographical works both in the East and West. , Hippolytus did not subscribe to the belief that the Second Coming was imminent. Catholic Online; Saints & Angels; Facts. In disgust, Hippolytus withdrew from the Roman community and headed a dissident group that consecrated him. Hippolytus gave an explanation of Daniel's paralleling prophecies of chapters 2 and 7, which he, as with the other fathers, specifically relates to the Babylonians, Persians, Greeks, and Romans.  It is quite probable that, before his death there, he was reconciled to the other party at Rome, for, under Pope Fabian (236–250 AD), his body and that of Pontian were brought to Rome. In the Eastern Orthodox Church, the feast day of St Hippolytus falls on August 13, which is also the Apodosis of the Feast of the Transfiguration.  Many other works are listed by Eusebius of Caesarea and Jerome. Because on the Apodosis the hymns of the Transfiguration are to be repeated, the feast of St. Hippolytus may be transferred to the day before or to some other convenient day. Differences in style and theology lead some scholars to conclude that some of the works attributed to Hippolytus actually derive from a second author.  G. Salmon suggests that Hippolytus was the leader of the Greek-speaking Christians of Rome.  It is from the Apostolic Tradition that the current words of episcopal ordination in the Catholic Church come from, as updated by Pope Paul VI. Hippolytus was the most important theologian and the most prolific religious writer of the Roman Church in the pre-Constantinian era. Feastday: November 28 Death: 775. Hi readers, it seems you use Catholic Online a lot; that's great!  In his commentary on Daniel he criticizes those who predict the Second Coming in the near future, and then says that six thousand years must pass from Creation before the Second Coming.  At this time, he seems to have allowed himself to be elected as a rival Bishop of Rome, and continued to attack Pope Urban I (222–230 AD) and Pope Pontian (230–235 AD). , Some suggest Hippolytus himself advocated a pronounced rigorism. Recent scholarship prefers to treat the text as the work of an unknown author, perhaps of Roman origin. He also confirms August 13 as the date on which a Hippolytus was celebrated but this again refers to the convert of Lawrence, as preserved in the Menaion of the Eastern Orthodox Church. St. Hippolytus. The Apostolic Tradition, if it is the work of Hippolytus, recorded the first liturgical reference to the Virgin Mary, as part of the ordination rite of a bishop.. Alexander Roberts, James Donaldson and A. Cleaveland Coxe, vol. He conceived of God as a unit who, while indivisible, was plural. Allen Brent analyzed the title list of the statue, questioning Hippolytan authorship of some works. In this view, he opposed the Roman Popes who softened the penitential system to accommodate the large number of new pagan converts. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Saint-Hippolytus-of-Rome, The Catholic Encyclopedia - Biography of Saint Hippolytus of Rome. Of the dogmatic works, On Christ and the Antichrist survives in a complete state and was probably written about 202.  He employs a common rhetorical trope, ekphrasis, using images on the walls or floors of Greco-Roman homes, and in the catacombs as paintings or mosaics. St. Michael Specialty Rosary - TEMPORARILY OUT OF STOCK 4/30/20, Poverty is rising again, and it's time for a program to help struggling Americans, Pope's new encyclical - a roadmap to live as one human family. In the great compilations of ecclesiastical law that arose in the East since the 3rd century, the Church Orders many canons were attributed to Hippolytus, for example in the Canons of Hippolytus or the Constitutions through Hippolytus.
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