working night shift and depression

Sleep and depression are clearly related to one another, but it may be hard to determine whether lack of sleep causes depression or depression causes sleep problems. Scand J Work Environ Health 2006; 32: 443–62, Theorell T, Hammarstrom A, Aronsson G, et al. Ann N Y Acad Sci 2009; 1179: 144–52, Rahman SA, Marcu S, Kayumov L, Shapiro CM: Altered sleep architecture and higher incidence of subsyndromal depression in low endogenous melatonin secretors. 2020 Jun 4;17(11):4006. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17114006. 2017 Oct 6;114(40):680. doi: 10.3238/arztebl.2017.0680a. See this image and copyright information in PMC. If your depression continues or becomes severe, consult a physician. The study did not address why the risk was greater for those who work the night shift, but researchers theorize that the change in sleep habits affects blood pressure and circulation. Ann Intern Med 2006; 144: 427–37, Hayden JA, van der Windt DA, Cartwright JL, Cote P, Bombardier C: Assessing bias in studies of prognostic factors. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. I think I was possibly in denial about it for a while, but it is very clear to me now that working nights for so long really messed with my head. 2017 Jul;32(7):1091-1096. doi: 10.3346/jkms.2017.32.7.1091. This study aimed to assess whether night shift work is associated with the risk of depression by using a meta-analysis of observational studies. In the meta-analysis of a total of 11 observational studies with 9 cross-sectional study, 1 longitudinal study, and 1 cohort study, night shift work was significantly associated with an increased risk of depression (OR/RR, 1.43; 95% CI, 1.24-1.64; I² = 78.0%). Mol Cell Endocrinol 2011; 336: 23–30, Pariante CM: Risk factors for development of depression and psychosis. Ferri GM, Cavone D, Intranuovo G, Macinagrossa L. Curr Med Chem. -. See this image and copyright information in PMC. Background: Night shift work could lead to lower levels of leptin, ... For example, a study in the International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health showed that depression occurs at a higher rate among shift workers than non shift workers. Night shifts are not just a development of modern life. Night shift workers may suffer from sleep deprivation because they cannot sleep during the day, their sleep is disrupted or they have inconsistent … : Atypical work schedules are associated with poor sleep quality and mental health in Taiwan female nurses. Obes Rev 2014; 15: 709–20, Straif K, Baan R, Grosse Y, et al. Don't rely on caffeineNight shift workers sometimes turn to caffeine to increase energy and stay awake during their shift, but you could pay for that boost later. 2018 Feb 9;39(2):87-97. doi: 10.1093/carcin/bgx129. Dtsch Arztebl Int. 10117 Berlin BMC Public Health 2015; 15: 738, Nabe-Nielsen K, Tuchsen F, Christensen KB, Garde AH, Diderichsen F: Differences between day and nonday workers in exposure to physical and psychosocial work factors in the Danish eldercare sector. Stryjewski PJ, Kuczaj A, Domal-Kwiatkowska D, Mazurek U, Nowalany-Kozielska E. Matsumoto M, Kamata S, Naoe H, Mutoh F, Chiba S. Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi. Also, subgroup meta-analyses by gender, night shift work duration, type of occupation, continent, and type of publication showed that night shift work was consistently associated with the increased risk of depression. Dortmund: Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin 2016. ): Handbook of experimental pharmacology. CI: Confidence interval; M: Male; F: Female. Sterne J: Meta-analysis in STATA: an updated collection from the Stata Journal. Reproduction and distribution of The question whether night work increases the risk of depression has not been adequately studied to date. Tucker P, Brown M, Dahlgren A, et al. [Investigation of the actual conditions of hospital nurses working on three rotating shifts: questionnaire results of shift work schedules, feelings of sleep and fatigue, and depression]. Atypische Arbeitszeiten. Mancio J, Leal C, Ferreira M, Norton P, Lunet N. Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis. Humans are evolutionarily designed to wake at sunrise and sleep at sunset, and prolonged exposure to bright lights at night and darkness in the day can throw off these rhythms. Data was extracted by 2 authors independently of each other and according to a pre-established evaluation plan, . doi: 10.2196/18236. In: Pertwee R (ed. Prospective Associations Between Working Time Arrangements and Psychiatric Treatment in Denmark: Protocol for a Cohort Study. In addition to peptic ulcers, cardiovascular disease, cancer, obesity and diabetes, shift work has been linked to depression. The authors have no potential conflicts of interest to disclose. eCollection 2020. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 2012; 85: 877–84. Resting in a quiet, comfortable place with your eyes closed provides a break for your brain and can offer some rejuvenation if a nap isn't an option. Institute of Occupational and Social Medicine, Centre for Health and Society, Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin, The bibliographies of the 35 original papers, the scoping review (, .  |  Breast Cancer Res Treat. We have compiled some tips to help you cope with working into the late and early hours of the day. It is not for certain yet if it is the night-shift hours themselves that cause depression or, because shift workers are mostly self-selected, if shift workers are simply more inclined to neurological problems. Gan Y, Li L, Zhang L, Yan S, Gao C, Hu S, Qiao Y, Tang S, Wang C, Lu Z. Carcinogenesis. Night-shift work and risk of breast cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis. A supplementary meta-analysis of 5 of the studies revealed a 42% increase of the risk of depression among persons working the night shift (95% confidence interval [0.92; 2.19]). Exposure: shift work that included night work between 11 p.m. and 6 a.m. How is Artificial Intelligence Changing Medicine? Occup Environ Med 2015; 72: 100–7, Nea FM, Kearney J, Livingstone MB, Pourshahidi LK, Corish CA: Dietary and lifestyle habits and the associated health risks in shift workers. 2020 Jul 30;17(15):5514. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17155514. © No subgroup analysis was initially planned. J Neural Transm (Vienna) 2012; 119: 1121–32, Hayden JA, Cote P, Bombardier C: Evaluation of the quality of prognosis studies in systematic reviews. The increase is a whopping 42 percent. © 2017 The Korean Academy of Medical Sciences. Flow diagram of identification of relevant studies. Most employees who work the night shift choose to do so, but they may not realize what the toll of working while the world sleeps can take on their mental health. Luceño-Moreno L, Talavera-Velasco B, García-Albuerne Y, Martín-García J. Int J Environ Res Public Health. But a physical issue isn't required to experience sleep obstacles. Amlinger-Chatterjee M: Psychische Gesundheit in der Arbeitswelt. Hannerz H, Albertsen K, Nielsen ML, Garde AH. When I started working night shift 2 years ago, I was all for it. Discover more about how night shift work impacts your mental health and tips for taking care of yourself. : The relationship between shift work and metabolic risk factors: a systematic review of longitudinal studies. Lancet Oncol 2007; 8: 1065–6, Wang F, Yeung KL, Chan WC, et al. Scand J Work Environ Health 2011; 37: 402–10, Thun E, Bjorvatn B, Torsheim T, Moen BE, Mageroy N, Pallesen S: Night work and symptoms of anxiety and depression among nurses: a longitudinal study. Telefon: +49 (0) 30 246267 - 0 Healthy Behaviors through Behavioral Design-Obesity Prevention., Boivin DB, Boudreau P. Impacts of shift work on sleep and circadian rhythms. 2010;23:287–291. Get the latest research from NIH: Ask for helpIf you're feeling exhausted all the time or don't know if you can deal with the night shift anymore, ask for help from nurse supervisors or Employee Assistance Programs. Epub 2018 Apr 27. While you can take measures to combat the link between working night shift and depression, shift work isn't for everyone. Scand J Work Environ Health 2009; 35: 48–55, Boggild H, Burr H, Tuchsen F, Jeppesen HJ: Work environment of Danish shift and day workers. Pathol Biol (Paris) 2014;62:292–301. Meta-analysis on shift work and risks of specific obesity types. 2017 Nov;96(46):e8537. And that means the same increased risks noted above. Occup Environ Med 2014; 71: 555–61, Berthelsen M, Pallesen S, Mageroy N, et al. Sleep Med Res 2015; 16: 1381–7. Took night shift 7p to 7a a year and a half ago just to get into ER. We carried out a systematic, broadly conceived literature search in the PubMed, Scopus, PsycINFO, and PSYNDEX databases and the Medpilot search portal on the topic of nighttime shift work and mental illness.  |  Then, check out the allied healthcare jobs at Club Staffing to find a position and shift that works best for you. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2019.305278. Occup Environ Med 2015; 72: 72–8, Wang F, Zhang L, Zhang Y, et al.  |  J Occup Env Med 2015; 57: 1127–37, Nabe-Nielsen K, Garde AH, Albertsen K, Diderichsen F: The moderating effect of work-time influence on the effect of shift work: a prospective cohort study. The current meta-analysis suggests that night shift work is associated with the increased risk of depression. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2.  |  This site needs JavaScript to work properly. 2019 Nov;109(11):e13-e20. Telefax: +49 (0) 30 246267 - 20 3. Social isolation has also been implicated as a risk factor for major depression, according to a July 2009 article in “Psychology Today” by Stephen Ilardi, a psychologist and author of “The Depression Cure.” ACEP also notes that among emergency physicians, an increased divorce rate may be related to shift work. Background: Working the night shift interferes with the circadian chronobiological rhythm, causing sleep disturbances, fatigue, and diminished wellbeing, and increases the risk of serious disease. How to Create a Routine With an Irregular Work Schedule. Since shift work seems to lower the levels of leptin, it could be that night workers just feel hungrier -- and thus eat more -- than day workers. Scand J Work Environ Health 2010; 36: 121–33, Kino T, Chrousos GP: Acetylation-mediated epigenetic regulation of glucocorticoid receptor activity: circadian rhythm-associated alterations of glucocorticoid actions in target tissues. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Int Arch Occup Environ Health 2011; 84: 413–24, Driesen K, Jansen NW, van Amelsvoort LG, Kant I: The mutual relationship between shift work and depressive complaints—a prospective cohort study. The search yielded 5682 hits, which were narrowed down by predefined selection criteria to 11 high-quality longitudinal studies on the relationship between nighttime shift work and depressive illness. Obes Rev. Am J Ind Med. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! 2012;345:e4800. Horizontal lines indicate 95% CIs in comparison to the risk entailed in daytime work. Knauth P: Schichtarbeit. Int Arch Occup Environ Health.

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